Gabel's Slot machine Caile Automatic Roulette Kruse Double-dial Cash Register
Rick Crandall Rick Crandall
contact

This site is a collection of articles on subjects that may be of interest to researchers.They are all copyrighted, however abstracting and quoting may be done without permission (although I’d like to know!) and literal copying may be allowed,contact me.

New Articles, see:
Mt. Eolus and N. Eolus – exposed rock climbing
Ellingwood Pt. from S. Zapata Lake
Palau: Top Dive Site in the World
Uncle Sam in Machine Art
Snowmass Mountain –
Summiting in an 18 ¾ hour day
The Phonoliszt-Violina: Ultimate Automatic Music Collectible

 

My Favorite 14er Climb Stories:
Sunlight Peak – a Beauty in the San Juans
Four 14ers in One Day – Emme the Wonderdog
Snowmass Mountain
Little Bear Peak in a Snowstorm
Pyramid Peak - A Dream Climb
North Maroon Peak – going technical

 

1966 SDS 940 and the Internet
1966 SDS 940 and the Internet

First computer host to connect to the Internet; SDS 930; Scientific Data Systems; Stanford Research Institute (SRI); Bolt, Berenak & Newman IMP, IMP2; ARPA Network; Where the Wizards Stay Up Late;

Back To Top

Rick Crandall BIO by IEEE Annals of Computing
Rick Crandall BIO by IEEE Annals of Computing Founding of Comshare 1966; Rick Crandall timesharing pioneer; joint development with Tymshare, U. Cal. Berkeley; interactive computing; SDS930; SDS940; Scientific Data Systems Sigma 9; timesharing operating systems; early tech IPO in 1968; Crandall Chairman of ADAPSO; ITAA; transition to software products; System W; decision support system; multi-dimensional modeling; On Line Analytical Processing (OLAP), distributed computing; Xerox PARC; interactivity; EIS; Executive Information Systems.

Back To Top

Comshare Oral History: Software History Center
Comshare Oral History: Software History Center

Starting in 1964 University of Michigan Computing Center; Joint development among Comshare (Rick Crandall), Tymshare (Tom
O’Rourke, Dave Schmidt, Ann Hardy, Norm Hardy), SDS & U Cal Berkeley (Butler Lampson, Mel Pirtle and Peter Deutsch) in 1965 to 1966; start of multiplexors and networks; transition to software; IBM partnership; ADAPSO IIA merger attempt; partnership with Dow Jones; decision support systems; EIS and Xerox PARC; Enterprise Software Roundtable – software CEO roundtable

Back To Top


Invention of Graphical Executive Information Systems EIS)

Invention of Graphical Executive Information Systems EIS)

influence of Xerox PARC visit in 1978; Xerox Alto; first mouse, icons, graphical human interfaces; GUI,WYSIWYG, development of Executive Information Systems 1984; EIS; touch screen graphical human factors; Commander EIS; Executive use of computers; executive computing; the CEO Goes On Line; Jack Rockart, business graphics; Strategic Information At Your Fingertips; Warren Mcfarlan at Harvard Business School teaching EIS; first ISV partnership with IBM Information Center; IBM marketing partnership with software; Comshare and Dow Jones Partnership; ITAA attempted merger with IIA.

Back To Top

1986 Adapso 25th Anniversary Keynote Speech
1986 Adapso 25th Anniversary Keynote Speech

History of computer software and services; competition with IBM, history of Adapso advocacy; formation and growth of ADAPSO; Non-tariff trade barriers; software as a distinct industry; software international balance of payments; example of ADAPSO helping ComShare transition to a software company

Back To Top

1969 Time-Sharing Article
1969 Time-Sharing Article

the early challenges managing time-sharing systems; load balancing, scalability, human factors; interactive languages; review of in-house vs. commercial timesharing services

Back To Top

1989 Software Magazine Cover Story
1989 Software Magazine Cover Story

Comshare partnership with IBM; EIS marketplace; IBM Cooperative Software Agreement: competition in Executive Information Systems; Execuchart; EIS Briefing Book; IBM Systems Application Architecture, SAA partners; Dow Jones partnership with a software company; partnership with MSA Management Sciences America John Imlay; Comshare transition from timesharing to a software company.

Back To Top

1981 Scene Magazine Cover Story
1981 Scene Magazine Cover Story

Comshare history; Comshare timeline chronology; transition from timesharing to software; Execuchart mouse based graphics terminal; Executive team Kevin Kalkhoven; Dick Eidswick; Ian McNaught Davis; Don Devine; Wally Wrathall; Ann Arbor, Michigan’s focus on research and technology

Back To Top

Apple 1: The Microcomputer Emerges
Apple 1: The Microcomputer Emerges

Steve Wosniak and Steve Jobs invention of the Apple 1; formation of Apple Computer Company; major improvement over the Teletype; forshadowing the eventual decline of timesharing; Southwest Technical Products PR 40 alphanumeric printer for Apple I; Larry Nelson original Apple 1 owner and sale to Rick Crandall.

Back To Top

 

 

Early Music Machines

Ultimate Music Collectible: Automatic Violin-Piano

Ultimate Music Collectible: Automatic Violin-Piano

Ultimate Music Collectible: Automatic Violin-Piano

Phonoliszt-Violina: In the 1900 to 1930's the automatic music machine replaced live performers accelerated by Union pressures for uneconomic rates for performers. Many types of player pianos, orchestras (usually using organ pipes imitating wind and string instruments) grew rapidly as an early musical media for playing popular and classical tunes in restaurants, bars, skating rinks and more.

By 1910 the most difficult challenge had been mastered – the automatic violin player with real violins, called the Phonoliszt-Violina was created by the Hupfeld company. It plays with almost human-like expression with a wide range of music.

Ultimate Music Collectible: Automatic Violin-Piano NOW: Complete
Catalog of All Original
Phonoliszt-Violina Rolls

HERE

Back To Top

Peerless – First Coin Pianos
Peerless – First Coin Pianos

The Peerless line of coin-op player pianos, nickelodeons and orchestrions were the earliest roll-operated coin-operated music machines on the market; Companies involved were the Roth & Engelhardt Co., Peerless Piano Player Co., National Music Roll Co., Engelhardt Seybold Co. and Engelhardt Piano Company. Most known models are the Peerless Arcadian, Style 44, Style D, Wisteria, Harmonist and theStyle O Orchestrion.

Back To Top

Encore Automatic Banjo
Encore Automatic Banjo

The Encore Automatic Banjo is one of the first commercialized automatic coin-op music machines in1897. It operated from a perforated paper roll controlled in similar fashion to player pianos. This article is based on original company records of the American Automusic Company and the Auto-Manufacturing Company. It documents the invention of what became a widespread medium that enabled early American music such as ragtime to become a national music form. An estimated 2000 tunes were created for the Encore under the direction of W. Scott O’Conner who later formed the Connorized Music Roll Co.

Encore Automatic Banjo NOW: Complete
Catalog of All Original
Encore Banjo Rolls

HERE

Back To Top

Boyer Coin-Op Museum
Boyer Coin-Op Museum

1930’s Alden Scott Boyer created Chicago Coin Club and the Chicago Coin Device Museum; first coin-op machines museum; roll-operated musical instruments; player piano; coin-operated machines; perforated roll music; pneumatic mechanisms; collecting coin-op machines; Svoboda’s Nickelodeon Tavern

Back To Top

Gabel’s Automatic Entertainer
Gabel’s Automatic Entertainer

1905 first record-changing multi-selection phonograph invented by John Gabel; His Automatic Machine and Tool Company competed with Victor coin operated phonograph; early competitive tactics; coin op jukebox; automatic talking machine; automatic acoustic disc phonograph; automatic needle changer;

Back To Top

Penny Arcade – Mills Arcade
Penny Arcade – Mills Arcade

Caille coin-op machines; player pianos; coin-operated gambling; trade stimulators; Automatic Chime Bells; Toledo Orchestrion; Berliner Multiphone; music boxes;

Back To Top

Engelhardt Banjorchestra
Engelhardt Banjorchestra

1915 mechanical orchestra with banjo; popularized coon songs; helped make ragtime a national music form; made by Engelhardt Piano Company; music by National Music Roll Co. roll-operated musical instruments; player piano; coin-operated machines; invention of automatic music machines; National Electric Piano Company; Peerless Model F; Connorized Music Co.; Seybold Pianos; nickelodeon; America’s most wanted music collectible

Back To Top

Whitlock Automatic Harp
Whitlock Automatic Harp

The Automatic Harp invented by J.W. Whitlock and popularized by the Wurlitzer Company. Whitlock was a classic American inventor, business leader and entrepreneur who became the heart and soul of Rising Sun, Indiana in the early 1900’s. His life, his inventions, his boat-racing competitions on the Ohio River and his businesses are described in a storied life pursuing the American Dream. The Harp is an early automatic music machine that helped spread ragtime as a national music form.

Back To Top

Popper Orchestrion
Popper Orchestrion

1910 German made mechanical orchestra shipped through newly opened Panama Canal to Nevada city, California to play in a gold rush saloon owned by Ernie Schreiber; Popper Felix orchestrion coin op music; paper roll-operated orchestra; European automatic music machine; classical music machine; nickel-a-tune music; perforated roll-operated orchestra

Back To Top

1981 Ann Arbor Scene Magazine Article
1981 Ann Arbor Scene Magazine Article

Coin-operated musical instruments; Gay 90’s America; coin-op nickelodeon Encore Automatic Banjo; Mills Novelty Company slot machines; Violano Virtuoso automatic violin player; scuba underwater photography; Wildflower photography.

Back To Top

 

 

Early Inventions
Cash Register History
Cash Register History

James Ritty invention of the cash register 1878; Incorruptible Cashier; Cash Recording Machine first cash register; National Cash Register Company (NCR) founded by John Patterson, history of marketing; selling through the eye; antitrust competition; antitrust lawsuit; Kruse Cash Register first total adder; Thomas Watson Sr.fired from NCR, founded IBM from International Time Recording Company, Computer-Tabulating-Recording; THINK placard; Rick Crandall and Sam Robins authors.

Out of print but some available: Purchase hard cover,
soft cover or digital on CD HERE

 

Back To Top

Pelstar, LLC: 91 Years evolution of the Health o meter
Doctors beam scale; Rick Crandall, Chairman.

Pelstar, LLC: 91 Years evolution of the Health o meter 
Doctors beam scale; Rick Crandall, Chairman.

Invention of the bath scale, doctor's scale, beam scale; 91 years from 1919 to today's electronic scale measuring height, weight and computing BMI and transmitting to electronic medical records (EMR's) compliant with "meaningful use" requirements of Obamacare. Story of corporate rise, decline and rise again – resilience of a market-leading brand: Health o meter.

Back To Top

Invention in San Francisco: 80 Years before Silicon Valley

Invention in San Francisco: 80 Years before Silicon Valley

Invention in San Francisco: 80 Years before Silicon Valley

The 1890's: Pioneering risk-takers defined by the California Gold Rush; battle-tested by the 1906 earthquake; Charlie Fey invents the Liberty Bell slot machine creating an industry that persists to this day.

Invention in San Francisco: 80 Years before Silicon Valley
Invention in San Francisco: 80 Years before Silicon Valley

Back To Top

Uncle Sam in Machine Art – the Caille Uncle Sam Arcade Strength Tester

Uncle Sam in Machine Art – the Caille Uncle Sam Arcade Strength Tester

The origins of the famous Uncle Sam national imagery and how it made its way into Arcade machine “art.” The very rare Caille and Howard Uncle Sam S Coin-operated strength tester machines.

Uncle Sam in Machine Art – the Caille Uncle Sam Arcade Strength Tester

Back To Top

 

Climbing Colorado’s Fourteeners Equipment Checklist
Four Fourteeners in One Day
Four Fourteeners in One Day

For Trip Report Click Here

Starting in Fairplay, a Colorado western town that is a museum of old cowboy town buildings; summiting Mt. Democrat, Mt. Cameron, Mt. Lincoln & Mt. Bross in one day with Emme the Australian Terrier who climbs mountains;
For Aspen Times Article, Click here

Back To Top

Pyramid Peak – a Dream Climb
Pyramid Peak – a Dream Climb
Pyramid Peak – a Dream Climb

Pyramid Peak near Aspen, one of the most challenging fourteeners with its narrow ledges, Leap of Faith, Class 4 Green Wall and the impressive Amphitheater; climbed during fall aspen colors with climbing expert Andy Mishmash.

Pyramid Peak – a Dream Climb

Back To Top

Snowmass Mountain
Snowmass Mountain
Snowmass Mountain

A challenging mountain summited with son Brett Crandall in a nearly 19 hour day from dark to dark.

Snowmass Mountain

Back To Top

North Maroon Peak – Going Technical
North Maroon Peak – Going Technical Climbing North Maroon with Andy Mishmash changes a dangerous climb into pure joy. This peak is notorious for casualties but with care watching for loose rock and someone experienced in route finding, North Maroon becomes one of the most beautiful fourteener climbs. The views on the way up and from summit are stunning
North Maroon Peak – Going TechnicalNorth Maroon Peak – Going Technical

Back To Top

Maroon Peak – the main peak of the Maroon Bells
The Maroon Bells near Aspen are generally recognized as the most photographed peaks in North America, especially during Fall colors. Climbing them is an adventure – Maroon Peak – the main peak of the Maroon Bells

Maroon Peak – the main peak of the Maroon Bells

a mix of pleasures – Class 3 rock climbing, dealing with a notoriously loose mountian, a very long approach slope and narrow ledges, steep gullies and one of the most beautiful 360 views in Colorado from the summit.

Back To Top

Capitol Peak and K2 – Most Challenging of all Colorado Fourteeners
Capitol Peak is undoubtedly the standard bearer of all the fourteeners in Colorado. It features a very long boulder hike/climb to a sub-summit called K2 at 13,688’ followed by a knife-edge ridge crawl to the Capitol summit cap. The final push is a 550’ Class 4 climb to summit.Capitol Peak and K2 – Most Challenging of all Colorado Fourteeners

Capitol Peak and K2 – Most Challenging of all Colorado Fourteeners

Back To Top

Mt. Sneffels 14,150’
Mt. Sneffels 14,150’

Starting in Ouray, a Colorado classic western town in the San Juan Range; Hiking, climbing one of the most picturesque of Colorado’s peaks over 14,000’ altitude.

Mt. Sneffels 14,150’

Back To Top

Wetterhorn Peak: A Class 3 /4 Adventure

Wetterhorn Peak: A Class 3 /4 Adventure

Wetterhorn notches up in difficulty the fourteener adventures. This climb was done with the leadership of Andy Mishmash, a friend and highly accomplished Class 5++ ice and rock climber.


Back To Top

Mt. Lindsey: Full Moon Campout and a Class 3, Loose Gulley Climb
Mt. Lindsey: Full Moon Campout and a Class 3, Loose Gulley Climb

Mt. Lindsey is one of the new Class of climbs we're doing – loose, steep gullies and playing roulette with the weather.


Back To Top

Little Bear Peak in a Snowstorm – Class 4
Little Bear Peak in a Snowstorm – Class 4

Little Bear Peak – standard route judged to be the most difficult standard route of all Colorado fourteeners, and I learned why. Accessible up the worst road in Colorado. We ran into a bear raid and a snowstorm to boot – a multiple adventure.

Little Bear Peak in a Snowstorm – Class 4

Back To Top

Sunlight Peak – a Beauty in the San Juans
Sunlight Peak – a Beauty in the San Juans

Sunlight Peak is great rock climbing fun and in the most beautiful Range in Colorado. It is accessed from Chicago Basin which is accessed by a 7 mile backpack after riding an historic narrow-gauge train ride and jumping off between Durango and Silverton.

Sunlight Peak – a Beauty in the San Juans

Back To Top

Mt. Eolus and N. Eolus – exposed rock climbing
Mt. Eolus and N. Eolus – exposed rock climbing

Mt. Eolus is a more challenging 14er in the San Juan Range accessible only by the 130 year old Denver & Rio Grande narrow-gauge train and then backpacking to the Chicago Basin. This mountain features a narrow, exposed “Catwalk” and some good Class 3 rock climbing.


Mt. Eolus and N. Eolus – exposed rock climbing

Back To Top

Longs Peak – Camping at 12,700'
Longs Peak – Camping at 12,700'

Longs Peak is one of the most aggressive Class 3 mountains featuring named pitches starting at the "keyhole." The "ledges", "the trough," "the narrows," and "homestretch."

Longs Peak – Camping at 12,700'

Back To Top

Click HERE for more Fourteener Stories and HERE for Cool Thirteener Stories

Click HERE for more Fourteener Stories and HERE for Cool Thirteener Stories

There are 54 mountains in Colorado with summits over 14,000 feet in elevation (only 13 others in California and Mt. Rainier in Washington).  They are ranked in five classes of difficulty, Class 1 being a walkup, Class 3 being hand-over-hand climbing and Class 5 is technical – experts using climbing equipment.

Each mountain has a personality, each with its own beauty and challenges.


Back To Top

Adventures
Diving in Palau – Perhaps the Top Dive Spot in the World

Diving in Palau – Perhaps the Top Dive Spot in the World
Diving in Palau – Perhaps the Top Dive Spot in the World

Brett and Rick on a dive adventure beginning with the tail end of Typhoon Haiyen and then featuring sharks, mantas, caves, wrecks, a lake with 5 million jellyfish and the elusive but astonishing Mandarin fish.

We were on a live-aboard, the Ocean Hunter I, a small boat well-suited to our quest for adventure.

 

Diving in Palau – Perhaps the Top Dive Spot in the World

Back To Top

Galapagos Diving: Hammerheads, Orcas and Riding a Whale Shark!

Galapagos Diving: Hammerheads, Orcas and Riding a Whale Shark!
Galapagos Diving: Hammerheads, Orcas and Riding a Whale Shark!

Brett and Rick:
The Galapagos’ remote islands of Wolf and Darwin has some of the most exciting “big fish” diving with Galapagos Sharks, Orcas, Sea Lions, hundreds of Hammerhead sharks and the biggest fish in the ocean – the Whale Shark.

Galapagos Diving: Hammerheads, Orcas and Riding a Whale Shark!

Back To Top

Los Torres del Paine in the Chilean Patagonia

Los Torres del Paine in the Chilean Patagonia
Los Torres del Paine in the Chilean Patagonia

Near the tip of South America, highly sculptured towers and horns emerging abruptly from the pampas. 65 miles of hiking accomplishing the “W” signature series to the Italian, French and British camps where climbers have attempted these fearsome towers mostly unsuccessfully due to freezing cold, incessant high winds and challenging climbing. We hiked.

Los Torres del Paine in the Chilean Patagonia

Back To Top

 

Other Publications
Corporate BOARD MEMBER – Giga Chairman
Corporate BOARD MEMBER – Giga Chairman

Giga Information Group; technology advisory; separation of Chairman and CEO; non-executive chairman; independent chairman; Board governance; Board of Directors organization

Back To Top

Colorado Mountain Living
Colorado Mountain Living

Combine work, fitness, active lifestyle in mountain setting, Aspen, Colorado

Wall St. Journal Article
Wall St. Journal Web Photos
Mountain Living Magazine
Totem Pole Lore

Back To Top

A Soldier’s Personal Account of World War II
A Soldier’s Personal Account of World War II

Nat Crandall in the historic 45th (Thunderbird) Division landing at Anzio Beach; following Patton across France; crossing the Siegfried Line; Bronze star heroics; fighting the German
Winter Elite troops, Dachau liberation – and the saving of Holocaust Torah Scrolls: restoring and Putting them back into service 51 years later.

Back To Top

 

 

 

 

Name:  
Country:
Phone:  
E-mail:  
Comments:
Access code
  Please enter rickcrandall above


 

All Rights Reserved Rick Crandall. Site designed by Visualspate.com